Digital Images on Sutra Paper







Recreatioon: Youngsters study the sutra woodblock engraving at the Dege Sutra Printing House.





By Wen Chihua  |  CHINA FEATURES



Integrating a talent for aesthetics, the visual arts and printing technology, Jin Ping, a documentary photographer living in Chengdu, capital of southwest China’s Sichuan Province, has developed distinctive representation method, a hybrid process using modern inkjet technology and 1,300-year-old Tibetan paper, thus making the image appear a music-like charm, mix of originality and modernity. It is found that utra paper unexpectedly  gives the digital image an extremely profound, touching and warm expression.



Jin Ping (金平) is not obsessed with technology. He does not cling to innovation, and does not care about being crowned with eternal glory in history of Chinese photography. But his Tibetan paper methods have significance for the Chinese photographic community.

Unlike the legions of documentary photographers in China, who try to parse today’s most urgent questions about truth and reality, Jin has long been charmed with exploring new methods of image presentation.

Integrating a talent for aesthetics, the visual arts, and printing technology, the Chengdu-based documentary photographer Jin Ping has developed a distinctive representation method, a hybrid process using modern inkjet technology and an age-old Tibetan paper, thus making the image appear a music-like charm, mix of originality and modernity.



Recreation:  Twenty-four commemorative stamps marking

the 10th founding anniversary of the New China


Conceptually, one of the most intriguing pieces Jin Ping has created in this medium was a recreation of a plate of 24 commemorative stamps issued in 1959 to mark the 10th anniversary of the inauguration of the People’s Republic of China.

The original monochrome woodcut stamp shows Mao in a dark green uniform, standing on the gate tower of the Tiananmen Square as he proclaimed the founding of the new China. The image frames an important historical moment when Mao held sway over China.

One of the first plates of the stamp was bought by a stamp collector named Yang Shaoming, the son of Yang Shangkun, who then held a senior position in the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. Shaoming had Mao autograph the plate of the stamps — the three Chinese characters “Mao Ze Dong” were signed vertically across the plate, turning an otherwise ordinary plate of stamps into a piece of conceptual art.

In Jin Ping’s representation, the powerful Mao looks warm and graceful. The fiber of the Tibetan paper underlying the digital image creates a special surface texture with complex characteristics that subdue the sharpness of Mao. The paper’s rough grain makes the simple color relationships look rich without looking exaggerated.

This conceptual work deeply impressed the British stamp community, and they invited Jin Ping to create them two similar pieces. One is a reproduction of a plate of 12 Penny Black stamps, the world’s first adhesive postage stamp used in a public system. The other is a recreation of the Penny Black’s sister stamp, a plate of the 18 Penny Red stamps.

Printed on Tibetan paper, the work lends a Far Eastern flavor to the august Queen Victoria’s relief profile image.

Previous to Jin Ping’s 2006 incorporation in his art, the over 1,300-year-old Tibetan paper of high quality was used solely for the printing of Buddhist classics.

In 2006 Jin Ping went to shoot Dege Sutra Printing House in Ganze Tibetan Nationality Autonomous Prefecture of southwest China’s Sichuan Province.

In the printing house, one of the things that Jin discovered was that the techniques of writing, carving, and block printing remain the same as they were in the 13th century. And the tradition of Tibetan papermaking has been passed down undisturbed through those centuries. It is a priceless living example of folk craftsmanship.

Jin Ping who has more than 10 years of experience in printing industry is very sensible of paper texture. He recalls, “Tibetan paper makes an image look like it has been mysteriously illuminated. I realized that this age-old medium would be able to create an unexpected visual effect for digital images.”



Recreation: A glimpse of the traditional papermaking process at the Dege Sutra Printing House.


Tibetan paper is made of the root-hair of the Stellera Chamaejasme plant, a medicinal herb locally referred to as “Agyiaorugyiao.” Tibetan paper is noted for being antiseptic, mothproof and moisture-proof, and possessing a long shelf life.

The paper made of the inner layer of the root-hair is the best with color and fine texture, which is for important sutras. Whereas the paper made of the outer layer is thick and coarse, mostly for the printing of prayer flags, and Buddhist pamphlets.

Agyiaorugyiao is used in Tibetan medicinal practice. The plant, which grows in the Henguan Mountains about 3,000 to 4,000 meters above sea level on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, is slightly toxic, germicidal, and antiviral. Paper made from its root-hairs is poisonous to rats and bugs. Tibetan Buddhists (Vajrayana Buddhism) use it to print classic sutras, which can stay intact in perfect condition for hundreds of years.

Additionally, Jin Ping noted that Tibetan paper is extremely strong, very soft, and absorbent. The latter makes it particularly useful for printing. “As it’s fully handmade, each sheet is unique, making it an ideal medium for contemporary art creation,” says Jin Ping.

For the past eight yeas, Jin has traveled deep into southwest China, exploring the disappearing craftsmanship of traditional papermaking in remote ethnic areas.

He has tested various kinds of techniques, and adopted Giclee printing, or printing fine art digital prints with inkjet printers, to print his photos on the handmade papers of six ethnic groups, including Tibetan, Dai, Miao, and Bai, mostly from Yunnan Province.

“All of these papers have a wonderful ability to enhance the expression of the artist,” notes Jin Ping. “However, I favor Tibetan paper above the rest. It gives the digital image an extremely profound, touching, and warm expression.”

Filled with inspiration acquired at the Dege Sutra Printing House, Jin reconfigures a traditionalist and mystic medium with the 21st century eyes. He launched a quiet revolution in his studio to connect the sutra paper with modern micro-dispenser technology. It took him more than half a year just to get the inkjet machine to print properly.

Unlike standard industrial print paper, Jin says, each piece of the handmade Tibetan paper has an uneven edge with different characters. “Without the fixed memory, the machine doesn’t know from where to start printing an image.” Jin’s endeavors paid off. His “Dege: Impressions”, a group of pictures documenting how Tibetan paper is made, the sutra woodblock engraving, and the Buddhist classic printing, embodied in Tibetan paper appear simple and unsophisticated with surreal clarity.

In these images, Jin has created visual poetry on Tibetan paper. The “Dege: Impressions” have the resonance of the love songs of the 6th Dalai Lama, Tsangyang Gyatso — tranquil, ethereal and melancholy.

These pictures not only capture the external charm of workmen carving and printing sutras, but also the workmen’s secular spirit — optimistic and sacred devout. These two worlds are so finely captured that the photos convey something soul-catching, simple, and dignified.

In his private life, Jin Ping smokes authentic Cuban cigars, enjoys fine tea, and keeps vintage wines in his private cellar. In his work, he is compassionate, humble, and is highly respected by his shooting subjects.

In 2007, he took part in a national project to rescue traditional cultural practices. He led a team to the monastery in Dege county to photograph Thangka: Tibetan silk painting, usually depicting a Buddha, a famous scene, or a mandala, and often done in embroidery.

When he arrived in Tibet, Jin and his team stayed in the village below the mountain for a week, without getting approval to photograph in the monastery. While he was waiting, Jin noticed that the children in the village were poorly dressed.

He spent 60,000 yuan to buy two suits of clothes for each of some 600 students. His behavior moved parents and the lamas of the monastery, who believed Jin is a photographer with a benevolent heart. They granted him permission to shoot inside the monastery.

The Thangkas housed in the monastery are historically significant. They were created during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The Thangkas framed in Jin’s photos have only been seen in public three times.

The first time was for local Buddhist followers when the paintings were completed. The second time was during the Cultural Revolution, when, in order to prevent the Thangkas from being destroyed, the monastery had them numbered, registered, and then stored them in the homes of local Buddhists. The third time was for Jin Ping.

Later, Jin had the Thangka photographs digitized, and printed on Tibetan paper. The visual effect of the process shows the luster of the Thangkas and the delicate nature of their original creation.

Jin Ping keeps an abundance of Tibetan paper in storage. He is concerned that the paper may disappear from the market in future. He is also helping the Dege Sutra Printing House, which is confronted with the challenge of industrial printing papers, and striving to preserve the tradition of the papermaking.

In Dege today, there are only six artisans who have a master of the handicraft. They can make only 600 sheets annually.



Recreation: Image of Living Buddha Qoegi Dembacering.


Recreation: Image of Double-Bodied Buddha.




*   All photos on this webpage provided by Jin Ping










By wereadchina Posted in Feature

A French-Chinese or A Chinese French?




Photo taken in 2010 shows Joel Bellasan delivering a speech at the 10th International

Conference on Chinese Language Teaching held in Shenyang, northeast China’s Liaoning




A French-Chinese


A Chinese-French?





Bellassen takes a photo at the west gate of Peking University in 1974.


A pair of worn, black shoes has accompanied Joel Bellassen all over the world.

Sitting at the window in a hostel at Beijing International Studies University, the 64 year-old Frenchman said he doesn’t recognize where he is, although he has been to 24 provinces and autonomous regions during his 200-plus trips to China and speaks Mandarin like a native. “It’s easy to find skyscrapers in almost any large city in this country,” he said. “But it’s hard to distinguish one from another.”

Bellassen is General Inspector of Chinese Language at France’s Ministry of National Education. He traveled to Beijing this time on an academic tour and to give a speech on the theme “Current difficulties of teaching Chinese as a foreign language.”

He always has the Xinhua Dictionary and a Contemporary Chinese Dictionary in his bag. His favorite Chinese story is “Kong Yiji,” written by Lu Xun.

“I love the ending of the story. Kong Yiji may have been dead,” Bellassen said. He is obsessed with this kind of uncertainty.

Bellassen has been fascinated by Chinese for 45 years. In 1969, he chose Chinese as his major at the Universite Paris 8. “I was interested in Chinese ideographs and had a burning curiosity about this remote, mysterious, Eastern country.”

In 1973 the two countries restored cultural exchange programs, which had been halted by China’s Cultural Revolution. This gave him a chance to take his first China journey with 29 other college students.

“It was like going to the moon,” Bellassen recalled. “My grandmother tried to persuade me to stay in Paris because China was comparatively underdeveloped.”

“But I did not change my decision,” he said. “Who would give up an opportunity to go to the moon just because of the harsh conditions?”

Despite restored cultural exchanges, 1973 was still during China’s Cultural Revolution. “I visited all of my classmates after we finished our exchange program in China,” he said. Though many Chinese people at the time thought foreigners were coming to China for political reasons, Bellassen said neither he nor his classmates took part in political movements before, during, or after their China stay.

“We came to China in a politically sensitive period, but we studied here mainly out of curiosity,” he said.

Arriving in China after a 22-hour flight, Bellassen caught his first sight of Beijing. A few people were riding bicycles late at night, he recalled. A portrait of Chairman Mao hung on the airport’s terminal building.


Bellassen lives with local people at a People’s Commune on the outskirts of Beijing

in the 1970s. 


In the 1970s, Chinese people were still curious about foreigners. “One day I went to Wangfujing, Beijing’s commercial district, to buy a pair of shoes,” he said. He attracted hundreds of people’s attention in the street. “But even my close Chinese friends turned away from me, which really made me puzzled,” Bellassen said.

In order to understand China and the Cultural Revolution, Bellassen and his French classmates applied for permission to travel to rural communes and factories and work there, but they could not get permits because they were foreign.

When it came to his second academic year in 1974, he was given a chance to go to Sijiqing People’s commune in Beijing’s western suburbs and live with local farmers and workers.

“At first, I could not bear the breakfast of cornmeal porridge,” he said. “In the first few weeks, I only ate meat three times.” Eventually though, he changed. “The ordinary cornmeal porridge made me forget about baguettes and cheese and I came to know the authentic life in China.”

Even now living in Paris, he still prefers Chinese breakfast.

“My Chinese improved beyond my expectations when I was staying with those local people. After two years of study in China, Bellassen went back to France in 1975. He took part-time jobs teaching Chinese in primary schools, middle schools, and college in Paris.

Since finishing his Ph.D. dissertation on Chinese philosophical life, he has been involved in Chinese education and cultural diffusion.

Bellassen admires current foreign students studying Chinese. He said it is much more convenient for them to learn due to modern multi-media materials.

In spring of 2014, more than 37,000 senior high school students in France chose Chinese as one of their subjects for college entrance exams, he said. “Half of them have been studying Chinese since middle school.”

People from the two countries still have misunderstandings about each other, despite the fact that China and France have had diplomatic ties for 50 years. Many Chinese people cannot tell the different between French cuisine and Italian food. Bellassen said, “There are still a lot of French people who think that Japanese kimonos originate in China.”

“China and Europe may be geographically distant,” he said, “but globalization has shortened and will continue to shorten the distance between China and the Western world in cultural awareness.”

In the Chinese expert’s point of view, China and France share some similarities: centuries-old history, splendid culture, and their people’s yearning for a comfortable lifestyle.

Though he admits that living conditions and availability of foreign products have improved in China, Bellassen is not pleased by China’s fast pace of change.

“The heavier air pollution and newly built, strange buildings mean that my second hometown, Beijing, has lost its unique city character,” he said.

“Besides Tian’anmen Square and the Forbidden City, Beijing’s soul is the quadrangle of the Siheyuan, the city wall and gates,” he said.

Bellassen knows the government has applied practical measures to protect historical sites to restore their original appearance. “It is a remarkable step,” he said. “But I have no idea whether it’s a little bit late.”

“Foreigners started to learn about China in the days of Marco Polo,” he said, and throughout his career, Bellassen has helped people in France learn about China’s culture and history.



Bellassen takes time to be with a peasant’s child during his stay at a People’s Commune

on the outskirts of Beijing in 1975.



* Source  |






An App today can keep the doctor away?




An App today

can keep the doctor away?






Gong Xiaoming (龚晓明, an obstetrician at a public hospital in Shanghai, usually sees up to 30 outpatients a day, but when he writes an article about uterine fibroids it can easily draw tens of thousands clicks within a day on his microblog.

“I can’t believe that a doctor on Weibo can be so influential,” said Gong, 42.

By day he works at Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, but around the clock 520,000 people follow him on Sina Weibo, China’s most popular microblog service.

Gong’s popularity started with an article he wrote in 2012, saying that many female patients were diagnosed or even prescribed treatments to deal with “cervical erosion”, which, he believes, is not a real medical condition.

Gong hoped the article could raise public awareness about overtreatment. He put it on his Weibo, and it was soon reposted 33,000 times, with over 4,000 comments. A microblogger replied, “Hail to the doctor with a conscience!”

A search for “doctor” on Sina Weibo can throw up more than 2,700 accounts, nearly half of them accredited to specific hospitals. There are also hundreds of “nutritionists” and “medical technicians”. Followers range from thousands to millions. The most popular doctor’s Weibo account has 3.61 million “fans”, 30,000 more than that of basketball star Stephon Marbury.

As well as popularizing medical science, these people are revealing the human face of their profession through social media. They speak the slang of the Internet, talk about their private lives and make fun of themselves.

Yu Ying (于莺, a former staff member at the prestigious Peking Union Medical College Hospital, is a pioneer doctor in social media. She named her Weibo account “Emergency Superwoman”, using a selfie photo as her icon. She gathered a following by sharing the joys and embarrassments of working in a major hospital. However, her posts often sparked controversy by revealing problems in China’s healthcare system.

Cui Yutao (崔玉涛, a pediatrician at a Beijing private hospital, runs a virtual clinic. All his posts are replies to questions about baby health. His patience and references to Western medicine have won nationwide acclaim. His fans call him “Super Hero”.

Dong Ning, a young pediatrician, has no time to run his own Weibo account, but he believes that the online consultations can help cut patients’ medical costs.

Dong cites the example of a pregnant woman who might have many questions during her nine-month pregnancy. In the West, she could ask her family doctor for help, but in China, she must register at various departments in a crowded hospital, sometimes choosing the wrong department in her ignorance.

“Doctors’social media accounts fill in the blanks,” said Dong.

The online clinic also helps doctors.

“Social media is a good platform offering for my observations, and lets me know the demands of my patients, as well of my staff,” said Duan Tao, president of Shanghai First Maternity & Infant Hospital. He began his Weibo and WeChat accounts, “Dr. Duan Tao”, in March, and has more than 70,000 followers in total.

But they also open themselves to direct criticism. “As a president, I used to be the last one to know patients’ complaints, but now I am the first,” said Duan.

But mostly, health professionals are treated with respect.

Gu Zhongyi (顾中一, now 27, an inexperienced nutritionist at Beijing Friendship Hospital, used to believe he had no future “as the nutrition department is usually on the hospital fringes”.

Since he began posting weight-loss and nutrition tips in 2010, he has become a celebrity with TV and online programs inviting him to give lectures.

“I seldom mention the hospital I work for as the outpatient registration would fill up for the whole week,” Gu said.

More than 2,000 healthcare apps are available to enable users to contact doctors either by instant message or phone. Their conversations are open to other users, who can assess a doctor’s services and skills at a glance, rather than from their qualifications.

The “Spring Rain” app, which has been downloaded 32 million times, allows users to ask a doctor for advice for free, but if someone wants advice from a particular doctor, they have to pay.

“For example, a consultation with one pediatrician started at 6 yuan, but due to her excellent service, she was very popular, and now her rate is 89 yuan, far more than doctors with higher qualifications,” said Spring Rain branding director Xu Yanni.

According to mobile Internet market research company IIMEDIA Consultation Group, China’s mobile medical market will be worth 12.53 billion yuan by 2017.

Gong said almost 90 percent of his patients come to him because of his online performance. “Patients give you trust, which a young doctor at a big public hospital rarely enjoys.”

China’s medical resources are extremely unbalanced, with 80 percent of patients in rural areas but most quality hospitals concentrated in big cities like Beijing and Shanghai.

The pressures on the health system and strained doctor-patient relations have resulted in increasing violence. Many patients are angry and frustrated at difficulties accessing treatment, high fees and, in some cases, doctors’ unfriendly attitudes.

Meanwhile, doctors complain about their workloads, and hospitals are often understaffed.

But the development of online services comes with a warning.

Gao Lei, a senior hematologist at a public hospital in Chongqing, says an online consultation comes with the risk of misdiagnosis. After all, observation, listening, questions and pulse-taking are fundamental diagnostic methods. “They are irreplaceable,” said Gao.

“If you want to get well, please go to a hospital,” said Duan Tao.

Sharing information online is also a risk. Duan has doubts about the security of information, because he once found someone using online data to cheat his patients.

Wang Ping, director of the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, points out that though online clinics can improve efficiency and relieve pressure, the process and privacy still require scrutiny and regulation – a task that China’s National Health and Family Planning Commission is now addressing.


* Source 





Let’s share Chinese version !!!


自媒体: 中国医生的“新欢” ?


作者:  袁全  申安妮  王智  |  中国特稿社



龚晓明 (                      于莺 (


崔玉涛 (                   顾中一 (



“没想到医生的微博有这么大影响力,” 42的岁龚大夫如此感叹社交媒体的威力。他同时也是一名有52万“粉丝”的微博达人。




医学科普无疑是医生获赞的最佳方式。为了让深奥的医学知识变得生动,医生们开始放下身段,改变形象: 摘下口罩,不再以正襟危坐的姿态示人, 微博头像大多露出“天使般”的笑脸。他们熟练地使用网络语言,时不时地还会和粉丝调侃、“卖萌”几句。




董宁说,以女性怀孕为例, 十月怀胎期间会遇到各种各样的问题。 在西方,人们往往选择向家庭医生咨询,但在中国,要想解决所有的病症,“只能到医院一个科室一个科室地去排队挂号,有时还不一定挂的合适。” 如果患者在就诊前就能获得一些咨询,可以省去很多麻烦。

“医生的自媒体正好填补了这个空白。” 董宁说, 如果有精力,他也会建一个类似的自媒体。


“对我来说,自媒体是个不错的平台。 自媒体的运作,让我平时的思考多了一个及时的输出通道,也能更加便捷地了解我的患者,我的员工的需求,使医院的工作可以更接地气。”上海第一妇婴保健院院长段涛说。他今年3月份开始运营“段涛医生”的微博和微信,累计已经有大约7万名粉丝。

网上不都是好评。段涛说他常常要在微博上直面批评。同事们戏称 院长过去是最后一个听到病人意见的,现在变成了第一个。“我也会根据粉丝关注的医疗保健问题,决定下一篇科普的题目。”

与此同时,大夫们还收获了极大的尊重。27岁的营养师顾中一曾一度认为自己“没有出路”,因为营养科是医院里的“边缘”科室, 而像他这样年纪轻、资历浅的营养科营养师更不会受到重视。





在网络问诊平台上,医生个人的声誉甚至超过了医院。龚晓明说,这时候,医生的好坏完全取决于医术和态度,而不是职称和资历。“病人甚至跳过了医院”。 龚晓明曾在微博上这样回答网友,“看病找老医生的真理未必都是正确的。”

移动医疗平台“春雨医生”品牌总监徐妍妮说,广州妇女儿童医疗中心的一位儿科主治医师,起初的图文问诊价格只有6元, 但是她良好的态度,让她获得了不少好评,向她咨询的病人越来越多,现在她的问诊价格已经涨到89元,远远高出比她职称高的医生们。



今年,阿里巴巴将支付宝系统引入医院,“春雨掌上医生” APP累计下载量超过3200万次,多家医院开通微信预约挂号。统计显示,中国移动医疗相关软件已达2000多款,覆盖寻医问诊、预约挂号、购买医药等领域。

然而,尽管网络技术已经很发达, 一些医生和病人对网络医疗的安全和效果还存有疑虑。很多医生表示,网上只能做科普,做咨询,“真的要看病,还是要来医院”。



中国医科大学附属第四医院院长王平认为, 在好医院、好医生紧缺的情况下,互联网医疗的发展,有利于优化医疗资源的配置和使用, 能提高医疗效率和患者就医感。但互联网医疗中如何保证医疗质量和安全、保护患者隐私以及误诊如何维权等, 还需进一步的监管和规范。



* 来源 |






Life on Mars? Chinese scientists find new evidence



Martian Meteorite”Tissint”.   Photo by Ren Hui



Life on Mars?

Chinese scientists find new evidence


By Yang Chunxue and Yu Fei 




Did Mars ever harbor life? A research team from the Institute

of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 

published their findings this month in the professional journal

“Meteoritics & Planetary Science”.



This simulated picture shows the impact of the external force on Mars.   

Photo – Reuters & Xinhua


Did Mars ever harbor life? Scientists have found new evidence for possible life on the Red Planet in a piece of Martian meteorite that landed on Earth after about 700,000 years of space travel.

According to research carried out by teams of Chinese, German, Swiss, and Japanese scientists, more than 10 pieces of coal-like carbon particles, thinner than one-tenth of the width of a strand of hair, were found in a thumb-sized piece of the meteorite.

“We used advanced equipment to determine the carbon particles are organic matter, and to rule out the possibility of graphite, which is inorganic,” said Lin Yangting, a lead scientist of the research team from the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

“Furthermore, we found an enrichment of the light carbon isotope in the organic matter,” said Lin. “It’s so exciting! This could be a promising indicator of life on Mars.”

The lighter the carbon isotope, the greater the possibility of biological activity, while a heavy carbon isotope indicates the opposite, Lin said. Paleontologists analyze ancient rocks’ carbon isotope ratio to determine the date of Earth’s earliest life forms.

He explained that organic matter like coal and petroleum on Earth are formed as a result of biological activity. But not all organic matter is related to biological activity. Organic compounds have been synthesized in labs. Carbon isotopes are a key indicator in judging whether organic matter resulted from life.

Lin’s research team published their findings this month in the professional journal Meteoritics & Planetary Science.

They used the NanoSIMS, an ion microprobe that can analyze particles smaller than one-millionth of a meter, to analyze their elemental and isotopic composition. “No one has ever seen the organic carbon components in the stone with such clarity,” Lin said.

But could the signs of life have come from Earth, rather than Mars? What if the stone was contaminated immediately when it landed on Earth?

Lin’s team ruled out this possibility by analyzing the hydrogen isotope in the organic compounds.

“It has a Martian fingerprint, different from the one on Earth. So we say the organic compounds come from Mars,” Lin said.

Previously, scientists had claimed to find organic compounds or signs of life in Mars meteorites, but were met with doubts. Lin says his team’s findings need further testing.

More than 120 pieces of Martian meteorite have fallen to Earth, according to the meteorite database of the Meteoritical Society. They were blasted off the planet when asteroids hit Mars.

“Most of them were recovered after staying for a long time in Atlantic ice or hot deserts,” Lin said. “People have no idea when they came to earth and, year by year, they may have been contaminated by substances on earth.”

But the piece Lin’s team looked at is quite special. The meteorite, officially named Tissint, is new to Earth, with witnesses who saw it fall.

At about 2 a.m. local time on July 18, 2011, a bright fireball was observed by several people in the region of the Oued Draa Valley, east of Tata, Morocco, according to the Meteoritical Society, an organization that records all known meteorites.

It was first yellow in color, and then turned green, illuminating the entire area before it appeared to split into two parts, said eyewitness Aznid Lhou.

Three months later, nomads began to find fresh, fusion-crusted stones near Tissint village.

Chinese scientists bought some of them from meteorite collectors for research. The stones are mostly coated in a glistening black fusion crust, and in some places the crust has broken, revealing a pale gray interior.

Though there have been four other meteorites with witnesses before Tissint, the most recent was more than 51 years ago, Lin said. “Tissint is a new Martian meteorite that can supply us with fresh samples.”

“At first we were looking for traces of water in it, and accidentally found carbon particles. That’s a rare case,” Lin said. Though scientists have confirmed that Tissint formed six hundred million years ago on Mars, it’s still unclear when the organic carbon components came into being.

Scientists say the surface of Mars has not been suitable for life for the past three billion years. “If life existed after that, it might have been living underground,” Lin said.

The red planet resembles Earth in many ways. It is made of rock, and it has an atmosphere and weather systems.

In recent years, Mars orbital and rover missions have brought abundant evidence of water or methane on the planet — potential signs of primitive life.

The Mars Odyssey probe, launched by the United States in 2001, discovered a vast amount of ice beneath the Martian surface.

In 2003, NASA launched two rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, and both found signs that water once flowed on the planet’s surface.

In 2004, the ESA’s Mars Express spacecraft detected plumes of methane gas on the red planet, while the Mars rover Curiosity, which landed on the planet in 2012, has not found direct evidence of life.

Aside from sending spacecraft to Mars, the other approach is to analyze fallen martian meteorites, the only available rocks from Mars, Lin said.

“Lin’s team’s new finding in Tissint is so far the most inspiring evidence for life on Mars,” said Ouyang Ziyuan, chief scientist of China’s lunar exploration project.

Despite the inspiring findings, Lin admits that they cannot draw a final conclusion about life on Mars until they analyze samples collected directly from Mars.

But the 52-year-old scientist seems confident. “If I were to make a bet,” he said, “I would wager that there was once life on that planet.”





China’s ardor for a red planet



Kids visit space exhibition at Beijing Planetarium.   Photo by Wu Xiaoling 


Kids compete to answer questions raised by space scientists.   Photo by Wu Xiaoling


Kids draw their own rovers.   Photo by Yu Fei 


Nine-year-old girl Wu Ziqing shows her dreamed Mars rover.   Photo by Yu Fei 




China’s ardor

for a red planet


By Yang Chunxue, Yu Fei, Liu Wei and Yuan Suwen


The day after Orion, NASA’s new spacecraft designed to carry astronauts to Mars, made its first test flight, a group of Chinese kids created their own Mars rover at Beijing Planetarium.




Li Manting, 10, draws a “rover train.” “I hope it will carry tourists from earth,” she says.

Her classmate Shi Zekai equips his rover with advanced weaponry, “in case it is threatened by aliens.” He give his rover a cool name:”Rock Crusher.”

Li and Shi are students at Lantian Fengyuan School, a private school open to migrant workers’ children. They and 35 schoolmates are at the planetarium to watch 3D space films, listen to space scientists and, of course, create their own rovers.

The event is hosted by China Features, a leading feature story provider, and the New Citizen Program, a non-profit organization dedicated to improving the learning environment for migrant children.

According to report by the All-China Women’s Federation, China’s migrant workers in 2013 had more than 35 million children and the numbers are increasing. These children, whose parents are mostly from rural areas, usually have limited access to the fun side of science, says Lin Zhaoxing, secretary-general of New Citizen.

“We hope that this opens the door for them to learn more about Mars, the universe and the space industry,” says Zhu Jin, curator of the planetarium.

Jia Yang, the deputy chief designer of “Yutu,” China’s first lunar rover, tells the children how a rover is designed, then stands back to watch as the children embellish it with their own creativity.

Li Mingzhen, 10, adds another camera “to take a selfie when landing on Mars.” Yang Yang, 9, gives it a magnetic arm to attract minerals.

Huang Jinkai, 11, draws a sprinkler on the bottom of his rover and explains that “water will make the tough stones soft, which protects the wheel of the rover.” He also adds a “take off button,” hoping that it will fly and get a birds-eye view of the Martian surface, except there are no birds on Mars.

Jia Yang believes his talk must have sown the seeds of space science in some children’s hearts. He recalls that, “When I was eight years old, I read a book on the solar system and my interest in space began.”




One year after putting Yutu on the moon, Mars has come over the horizon as the next destination.

Though China has no official plan for a Mars probe, Ouyang Ziyuan of China’s lunar mission, let it slip that there are plans to land a rover on Mars around 2020.

Li Zhongbao, vice head of the China Academy of Space Technology, believes the plan is a reasonable one. Last month, a prototype of the Mars rover went on display at Airshow China 2014. While the rover’s final look and functions are yet to be decided, the public has shown great enthusiasm for the Mars rover, including its name, shape and functions. The current preferred nickname is “Yutu’s little brother.”

More than 10 million people have followed an activity on the China Features website ( and Sina Weibo to name the rover. Among the suggestions, red rabbit, red bird, phoenix, and firefly are the most popular.

Wang Yijun, 9, from Beijing plumped for “Firefly” because, “it’s tiny but could light up the dark sky.”

Zhou Xiaosi from Xi’an chose “Yaowang,” meaning “looking into the distance.”

“The red planet and the earth look at each other from a long way. Human beings have been sending their best wishes to the twinkling star since ancient times,” he said.

People have plenty of suggestions as to how the rover should look: it should be as cute as robot Walle; as cool as a Transformer; strong as Iron Man; and certainly much tougher than “Yutu.” There are animals aplenty — butterfly, beetle, spider, centipede, crab, turtle, octopus, even starfish. Most people vote red, gold and silver as its colors. Red and gold are big in China.




“A handsome rover could make a wonderful film star,” Zhao Chen admitted, “but no matter what it looks like, we’ll all love it!”

As to its functions, suggestions vary between the speculative and the outlandish: The Mars rover should be like a car and transform to a robot when navigating difficult terrain; The rover should be able to play music, which could be transmitted through the planet’s atmosphere; The rover should… Some netizens give slightly more “professional” advice.

A windshield wiper could clean sand from its solar panel and a self-rescue mechanism is needed to prevent it from sinking into soft sand, Zhou Xiaosi says.

Song Yuhao hopes the rover will carry a balloon which, when filled with hydrogen, will take the rover flying.

“Every part of the rover should be able to work on its own, in case some malfunction affects the whole machine,” Zhu Yunting says. Many hope the rover’s battery could be recharged not only by solar power, but also wind or nuclear power.

“Our current concept has six wheels, like Yutu, but will be larger and better at dealing with obstacles,” says Jia Yang. “Mars is littered with large rocks like the Gobi Desert. Dust storms will significantly lower usefulness of the solar battery. We must improve its adaptability to complex terrain.”

Mars is humanity’s first option for space migration. It needs a long period of devoted work, says Liu Cixin, a Chinese science fiction writer noted for “The Three-Body Problem.”

“The longing for a new world flows in everyone’s blood. It is the essence of being human,” he adds.





Bidding farewell to innocence




“I was obliged to find a way of expression that corresponded with ‘violent and absurd’ forces

 of the society in China after the 1990s,” says Xichuan.    Photo by Guo Yanbing



Bidding farewell to



By Gong Yidong  |  CHINA FEATURES


Poetry was once for Xichuan a spontaneous expression when he wrote down his first modern poem Umbrella on the campus of Peking University (Beida) in 1983. It was lyrical and beautifully worded, carrying a clear message.

Twenty-seven years later, the man, now in his early fifties, has shifted away from his original focus and experienced a growing sense of paradox. He says he is open to all the possibilities or adventures of life, and his writings keep the same pace regardless of being no longer “poetic” .

But one thing that has not changed is his examination of the world and his soul from sharply intellectual perspective, offering food for thought to China in transition.




Xichuan, born in 1963, had wished to become an artist of traditional Chinese painting in his childhood. It was only when he entered senior high school that he developed a fondness for reciting and writing traditional Chinese poems.

“I behaved like a Confucius scholar,” he recalls, sitting in his studio surrounded by books, sculptures and paintings in northeastern Beijing. Atop one shelf is his reproduction of part of the masterpiece Manual of the Mustard Seed Garden, a picture gallery dated back to the early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

His enrollment in the English Department of Beida in 1981, as well as his academic studies and a fundamental change of social climate in China, changed the course of his life.

On the campus, the May Fourth Society of Literature, named after the patriotic and democratic movement of 1919, was in full swing at that time, attracting Xichuan and his friends.

The group of literature fans often organized poetry reading activities in the deserted Yuanmingyuan Park, usually followed by heated discussions till late into night.

Xichuan, a newcomer to the domain of poetry, quickly won recognition for his writing talent. He walked away the first prize in two poetry competitions, establishing his reputation as one of the “Three Swordsmen” in Beida, along with Haizi and Luo Yihe.


The “Three Swordsmen” in Beida 



Xichuan    (1963 )                       Haizi (1964–1989)                         Luo Yihe (1961–1989)


“It made me realize that modern poetry was instrumental to help express my understanding of the world in a concrete manner, which was in a stark contrast to traditional Chinese painting. I was gripped by an impulse to articulate my connection to external circumstances. ”

He was exposed to Western literature under the influence of an American teacher Herbert Stone and became obsessed with the works of Romanticism poets Shelley, Wordsworth, Keats and Yeats, U.S. Imagism poet Ezra Pound, and South American writers Borges and Neruda.

“I appreciated Borges and Pound most, Borges for his scrupulous rationality, and Pound for his boundless reservoir of imagination.”

At that time, many foreigners were invited to teach at Chinese universities or institutions. “They brought in new ideas and information, just keeping step with the avant-garde art taking shape in China.”

A passion for poem writing swept throughout China. “Poets from places like Shanxi and Shanghai swarmed into Beijing to communicate with their peers.They lived under the same roof, eating and writing together. “We enjoyed a brotherhood of man.”

Upon graduation in 1985, Xichuan was assigned to work for a media service in Beijing, but left later and joined the China Central Academy of Fine Arts as a teacher of literature.




Throughout the 1980s, a revitalized poetry movement, borrowing from the local misty avant-garde poetry and post-modernism from the West, played a major role in unleashing long-suppressed individualism.

“If one didn’t write poems at that time, he would be regarded as weird,” says Xichuan, lighting a cigarette.

Different schools of poetry, such as colloquial and spiritual, sprouted. For Xichuan, however, the concurrent and dramatic social developments in Beijing cemented his pursuit of being a true intellectual.

“Having knowledge doesn’t equal to being an intellectual. Instead, a genuine intellectual conserves a critical thinking, independent values and has the capability to translate their thoughts into concrete writings.

“An intellectual should devote himself to clearing away the debris left by the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) and embrace the blooming movement of enlightenment by pointing out the problems China was facing.”

Joined by other fellow Chinese poets like Ouyang Jianghe and Chen Dongdong, Xichuan opened up a path, initiating “intellectual writing”. Starting from a perspective of reflection and self-reflection, the school challenged both the orthodox and civil writing styles.

Xichuan did not notice that the overall climate of the society had already changed at the end of the 1980s. He was intent on pursing his “solemn experience” with heart and soul, but the suicide of Haizi and sudden death of Luo Yihe from stroke in 1989 shook him greatly.

“My original notion about poetic beauty and life was overthrown, and at the same time the tower of values within me collapsed,” he says.

He stopped writing and immersed himself in reading. Eventually, he came to grips with the dark side of life.

“As the British poet William Blake wrote in his poem Songs of Innocence and Experience, one’s innate innocence would be meaningless if he did not see all of the evil in the world,” says Xichuan. “I was standing on the edge. I was driven to search for a way that corresponded with the history, but was not too overwhelming to engulf me.”




It was in 1992 that Xichuan completely changed his writing style. The signal of the shift was demonstrated with the debut of his long poem Salute. A pure, precise and subtle writing, represented by his works Looking Up at a Starry Sky in Ha’ergai, was replaced by an essay-like and seemingly illogical collection of lines.

Five years later, Xichuan created his “most important works” What the Eagle Says,in which he explored his “mental privacy”, scrutinizing death, loneliness, morality, truth and existence.


Shall we not read the map? At sorrow lies the first crossroads, with a road to song and

a road to bewilderment; at bewilderment lies the second crossroads, with a road to

pleasure and a road to nothingness; at nothingness lies the third crossroads, with

a road to death and a road to insight; at insight lies the fourth crossroads, with a road

to madness and a road to silence.


“I was obliged to find a way of expression that corresponded with ‘violent and absurd’ forces of the society in China after the 1990s.”

Xichuan found himself “replenished”. Meanwhile, ancient Chinese literature written by pre-Qin Dynasty (221-206 B.C.) philosophers and Six Dynasties (A.D. 220-589) artists came to influence his writings.

“They achieved an unmatchable standard. I tried to reorganize their excellent ideas by building them into the present context. Otherwise, we can only recite the Tang poems passively. ”

Although Xichuan admits that the Chinese have almost forgotten poetry in their pursuit of material success, he continues his explorations as a serious intellectual, trying to “influence the quality of life in China in an indirect way”.

One of these experiments was a drama adapted from his long poem Flowers in the Mirror and the Moon on the Water in collaboration with Chinese avant-garde director Meng Jinghui. Xichuan was pleased to see that such a non-plot drama could even make people think from a post-modernism perspective, an approach they were unfamiliar with in the past. “Even if they felt uncomfortable, it was an important social effect,” he says.

For Xichuan, such dilemma or “embarrassment” is much more powerful as compared with the single-track road.

“I have to acknowledge the past decade has been unfavorable for Chinese poets, but they have far transcended themselves, in terms of new expressions, sophisticated rhetoric, enhanced solidness and expanded width.

In recent years, Xichuan has been reaching out to the West to better its understanding of China’s creativity. In August 2009, he organized a tour of 11 cities across Germany, Switzerland and Austria in an effort to popularize the writings of ten accomplished modern Chinese poets. In Strasburg alone, 150 light-box advertisements were put up at the metros, bus-stations, shops and street corners.

Xichuan firmly believes that “contemporary Chinese poetry is on par with the world excellence.”

“Poetry is sentenced to death at every era, but its real power is seldom understood. We need poetry, as it points to the secret of our self-renewal.”



Xichuan in his studio (2009)


Xichuan (1991)


The original manuscript of Xichuan’s poem What the Eagle Says




Published Collections of Works by Xichuan 


1990: Against
1991: China’s Rose
1997: Selected Poems by Xichuan
1997: Let the Masked Speak


1997: A Fictitious Genealogy


1997: This Is the Idea


1997: Secret Convergence: Selected Poems by Xichuan


1999: The Poetry of Xichuan


2001: Water Stains
 2004: A Stroll and a Chat: A Chinese Traveling in India
         《游荡与闲谈:一个中国人的印度之行》 (Shanghai)


2006: Profound and Shallow: A Record of Xichuan’s Poetry and Prose
          《深浅:西川诗文录》 (Beijing)




Blog Editor: Miao Hong





Apple CEO inspects Chinese iPhone6 workshop



Apple Inc. CEO Tim Cook talks with a worker busy working on the production line of iPhone 6

Plus during his inspection of a Foxconn iPhone workshop in Zhengzhou, capital of central

China’s Henan Province,  on October 23, 2014.   Photo provided by Apple Inc.



Apple CEO inspects

Chinese iPhone6 workshop


By Fang Ning and Liu Jinhui


Apple Inc. CEO Tim Cook wore production line work clothes and shoe covers during an inspection of a Foxconn iPhone workshop on Wednesday of October 22  in Zhengzhou, capital of central China’s Henan Province.

Cook was accompanied by Terry Guo, founder and chairman of Taiwan tech giant Foxconn, and a number of Henan officials.

During the two-hour inspection, Cook listened to reports on construction of three Foxconn workshops in Zhengzhou and production of Apple iPhone products at the factories.

Cook’s visit is aimed at supervising the production of its newly launched iPhone 6 at the Foxconn plants. No details on orders or production progress have been available from the factories.

Foxconn’s three workshops in Zhengzhou together employ 300,000 workers and are dedicated to producing Apple’s iPhone products. Their output target for this year is 120 million iPhones.






NEW POST | updated on October 24, 2014 

Tim Cook:

Apple wants everything

it develops to enter China market




Cook receives an exclusive interview with a Xinhua journalist.   


Apple Inc. CEO Tim Cook said he hopes to adapt all of Apple’s developments to work for the Chinese market, which he describes as a “key market” for the tech giant.

Cook made the remark in an exclusive interview with Xinhua before ending his latest four-day China visit, which started on Tuesday of October 21.

His visit coincided with the fourth plenary session of the Central Committee of the Community Party of China (CPC) which closed on Thursday of October 23. Chinese vice premier Ma Kai, a member of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, met with the CEO of the world’s most valuable company on Wednesday morning. They had discussed a series of topics including privacy and security. Cook described it as “very open”, “fascinating” and “impressive”, but he declined specifics.

The same day, Cook paid a “lightning” visit to a Foxconn factory in Zhengzhou City, central China’s Henan Province. Some media sites interpreted his visit as encouragement for Apple’s biggest agent to produce more iPhone 6 handsets for the eager China market.

Apple announced its latest models of iPhone on September 9. Initial 24-hour pre-orders surpassed four million, far beyond the company’s expectation. China, however, had a delayed release while waiting for the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology to issue a network access license to the new iPhone on September 30. China Unicom, one of three leading telecom operators in the country, saw online pre-orders exceed 600,000 two hours after it opened the service. The iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus hit the China market on October 17.

Cook did not disclose the latest sales of the new phones but said he was “really happy with how things were going.”

Apple’s Q3 earnings report decreased in the greater China market, which was contributed to the delayed launch of iPhone 6 in China and insufficient inventory. Analysts expect a dramatic rebound of the market in Q4, driven by people’s staggering demand for a “bigger modern smart phone”, as Cook describes it.

Cook’s ambition, however, does not rest on the iPhone. He has been advocating Apple Pay and Apple Watch long before they will reach the China market.

“We want to bring Apple Pay to China,” he said, “I’m convinced there will be enough people that want to use it. It’s going to be successful.”

He said he wants to understand the necessary steps to bring Apple Pay to China before he summoning local networks, banks, and merchants to work together to make this happen. Apple’s market share in China was 16%, after Samsung’s 23%, and China’s home brand Xiaomi, which was 21%, according to a survey by Kantar Worldpanel ComTech on Jan-May market statistics. High end iPhones, however, may imply customers are from the country’s growing middle class, who are to most likely become potential customers of Apple Pay and Apple Watch.

“China is a really key market for us,” said the CEO, “Everything we do, we are going to work it here. Apple Pay is on the top of the list.”

Cook believes the prospect of Apple Watch is “enormous” because it is so rich with possibilities that even people from Apple who have been conceptualizing it for three years have not thought of all the possibilities.

“We are going to wonder how we ever lived without it,” said Cook, “That’s the real test of a great product: you wonder how you live without it. And I think that’s going to happen to the Apple Watch.”

He said he was not bothered by the rumor that Microsoft was preparing to launch a smartwatch in a few weeks. He welcomed competition and was confident Apple makes the best products that customers will buy.

He also encourage Wal-Mart and its alliance, who are reportedly developing CurrentC, another mobile payment platforms, to also do Apple Pay, and let the customers decide what they want to do.

As for future plans exploring the China market, Cook said Apple expected to increase its Apple Stores from its current 15 to 40 in two years.

He said Apple’s social responsibilities in the market are also a big topic for him. A energetic promoter of the SEED Program, Cook met a group of Foxconn employees on Wednesday to learn how they have benefited from the Supplier Employee Education and Development program. Launched in 2007 by Apple, the program has 18 participating sites worldwide with over 280,000 employees taking free courses in accounting, English, web design, and flower arranging.

Zhang Fan, a woman Cook met at Foxconn, has been taking the free courses of English and quality control for nearly three years. She was able to tell Cook without an interpreter how she did her job as a quality controller. Cook said he was touched by her pride and care for her job.

“I came here for making a living, but end up with upgrading of my personal skills,” told Zhang on a telephone interview, “it’s not bad.”





Let’s share Chinese version!!!


库克: 中国是苹果的重要市场


作者: 黄燕 | 中国特稿社






苹果于9月9日发布的新一代手机iPhone6和iPhone6 Plus被库克认为是“史上最好的苹果手机”。这两款大屏智能手机全球上市首日预订量超过400万部,远超公司预期。在中国工业和信息化部9月30日宣布iPhone6获得进网许可后,中国联通预约开启后两小时预约量即突破60万台,市场反应火爆。


















Let’s share earlier report !!!


Chinese Vice Premier Ma Kai (right) meets with Apple Inc. CEO Tim Cook (left)

in Beijing on October 22, 2014.   Photo by Rao Aimin


Chinese vice premier, Apple CEO

discuss users’ information protection


By Yang Yijun


Chinese Vice Premier Ma Kai and Apple Inc. CEO Tim Cook on Wednesday of October 22 exchanged views on protection of users’ information during their meeting in Zhongnanhai, the central authority’s seat.

They also exchanged views on strengthening cooperation in information and communication fields.





 PHOTO REPORT | dated on October 23, 2014


Apple CEO Tim Cook takes part in an exchange activity with teachers and students

from Tsinghua University School of Economics and Management (SEM) in Tsinghua,

Beijing, on October 23, 2014.   Photo by Qi Heng



Apple CEO Tim Cook reacts during a dialogue with Qian Yingyi, dean of Tsinghua

University School of Economics and Management (SEM) during an exchange activity

in Tsinghua, Beijing, on October 23, 2014.   Photo by Qi Heng


Apple CEO Tim Cook (right) receives a souvenir from the Tsinghua University School

of Economics and Management (SEM) during an exchange activity in Tsinghua,

Beijing, on October 23, 2014.   Photo by Qi Heng


Apple CEO Tim Cook (R) gestures during a dialogue with Qian Yingyi, dean of Tsinghua

University School of Economics and Management (SEM) during an exchange activity

in Tsinghua, Beijing, on October 23, 2014.   Photo by Qi Heng



Apple CEO Tim Cook (right) gestures during a dialogue with Qian Yingyi, dean of Tsinghua

University School of Economics and Management (SEM) during an exchange activity

in Tsinghua, Beijing, on October 23, 2014.   Photo by Qi Heng





A Chinese girl’s “sex business”




 Ma Jiajia.   Photo -Internet




A Chinese girl’s

“sex business”


By Yang Chunxue | CHINA FEATURES


Ma Jiajia has a surprising business card – a pink condom with her details on it.

A graduate of the Communication University of China, Ma, 24, has made a maverick career choice by opening a sex shop.

In a country where sex has long been taboo, working in a sex shop is not considered a “decent” job. But Ma wants to change people’s attitudes to sex.

“Beijing has more than 5,000 sex shops, but they all hide themselves in obscure corners with flickering dim red lights. Customers are afraid of being seen, so they must pluck up courage to get in and hurry away. I want to change that,” she says.

On her graduation in June 2012, Ma and her classmates held a high-profile opening of her Powerful Sex Shop with 1,000 condoms, blown into balloons, on a street near their university.

Six months later, another branch opened in Beijing’s famous bar district, Sanlitun.

The shop is distinctive. Decorated brightly in pink, green and yellow, it displays adult products in a cabinet like luxuries in high-end stores.

A sign boldly states: “No shy people; No ugly people; Discounts for those more than 18 centimeters long.”

Ma dresses up at work and used to post “sexy” photos of herself on the web, to “make myself a brand”.

Everyday hundreds of admirers come to the shop. They browse for a while and ask about the products in detail. “It’s like an art gallery,” says a customer surnamed Li.

Ma’s online shop is also well patronized. A netizen nicknamed Xiangqin has bought items from the shop four times: “What attracts me is that the products are mainly imported, which guarantees the quality,” he says.

Ma has turned a disreputable trade into a chic one, but her ambition to “remove the social embarrassment around sex” is just beginning.

Her post-1990s generation in China has long been labeled as “wayward”, “visionless” and “self-centered”, but many are spearheading businesses that previous generations could never imagine.

The proportion of Chinese graduates starting their own businesses has risen for five consecutive years, with 2.3 percent of last year’s college graduates starting enterprises, double the figure in 2008,according to the Chinese College Graduates Employment Annual Report (2013) by education research company MyCOS Institute.

“The Internet revolution brings more opportunities, ranging from operating an online shop on Taobao, the largest Internet retail website in China, to starting a small Internet company,” says Xia Xueluan,a sociology professor at Peking University.

Unlike their predecessors, who started businesses out of necessity, the new generation, who have never known want or hunger, follow their hearts, says Xia. “It seems that having fun is their priority in choosing a career.”

Ma is a case in point. Asked how many stores she wants to open, she says, “It’s a strange question. Why must I enlarge my business? I’m not fixated on money. I’m having fun.”

Ma’s campaign to open society’s attitudes to sex has seen her and her partners produce amusing videos about Chinese sex education, in which she asks young and old questions like: When and where was your first time? How did it feel? Was it successful? She also defends homosexuality in the videos, which have been watched hundreds of thousands of times online.

“To change concepts, first you must allow people to talk freely,” she says.

Though some fear her openness could lead to “loose morals” and accuse her of marketing gimmicks, many applaud her.

“Ma is not just selling condoms or sex toys, but advocating the new concepts of sex,” says Du Cai, Ma’s former university supervisor.

“She is a marvelous girl, and I have great expectations for her. She represents the growing post-90s generation, who make their own decisions and play their own game.”

Ma is proud to be a maverick: “People nowadays are blindly catering to mass tastes, never realizing that their own style is actually their most valuable brand,” she says, adding, “The Internet favors those who can magnify their own character.



Post-90s sexshop.   Photos – Internet






Let’s share Chinese version !!!




作者: 杨春雪 | 中国特稿社










店内暖黄色的灯光下设置了沙发、藏酒和书籍,人来人往,音乐萦绕。情趣道具大都是国外进口的创意产品,摆放在橱窗里,价格从58元人民币到1.64 万元人民币不等。


如此“透明”的情趣店,在北京相当少见。马佳佳说,这种风格是一种调情,直达人们心中最原始的欲望。“它的真意是在中国这样一个压抑的社会, 让全社会的人,从部级领导到农民工,都能够开始讨论性,脸不红、心不跳。”





高等教育研究机构麦可思研究院发布的《2013年中国大学生就业报告》显示,大学毕业生自主创业的比例近五年来不断上升。 2008年自主创业的大学生人数为5.59万。到2013年,这个数字已经上升到了16.72万人。














A bite of France at Maxim’s in Beijing



A contract of opening Maxim’s Beijing restaurant was signed in 1982.


Pierre Cardin and then Ambassador to China Claude Martin cut the ribbon at the

opening ceremony of Maxim’s De Paris in Beijing.   Photo – Maxim’s





A bite of France

at Maxim’s in Beijing


By Liu Xin and Li Na | CHINA FEATURES


The first batch of Chinese cooks took a group photo in Paris in 1983. Shan Chunwei

(2nd from right) is the chief cook of Maxim’s in Beijing.    Photo – Maxim’s



Selecting ingredients, cutting beef shank, and mixing the sauce for French style steak have been one of the most important tasks for Shan Chunwei for the past 30 years.

“We serve more than ten types of steak, including filet mignon and sirloin. They are normally served with a baked potato and sliced tomatoes in French cuisine’s tradition,” says the 56-year-old Shan, the chief cook of China’s first Maxim’s

Next door to a noisy mobile phone store and a budget clothing shop on bustling Chongwenmen West Street, Maxim’s, three miles south of the capital’s political landmark Tian’anmen Square, is where many Beijingers had their first taste of French food, long before setting foot in Paris.

“My first perspective on France came from my first dinner at Maxim’s with my girl friend in 1984. I can still remember the rich flavor of snail broth and the buttery texture of foie gra,” recalls Peter Zhang, a art critic in his early 60s.

“It many sound a bit exaggerated, but that’s how I felt at that moment. The French cuisine piqued my curiosity and encouraged me to further explore French culture. Two years later, I founder myself enjoying French food at Maxim’s in Paris.”

In 1983, the fashion designer Pierre Cardin, Maxim’s owner, decided to open his first location in Beijing.
Maxim’s in Beijing is decorated exactly like its headquarters in Paris near the Place de la Concordeon, with murals, enamel glass, and crystal ceiling lamps, notes Shan Chunwei.

As one of 13 cooks first sent to study French cuisine in France after the Cultural Revolution, Shan spent three months in Paris in 1982. Before that, his specialty was Chinese cuisine cook. He knew nothing about western food.

None of those culinary students spoke a word of French.

With the help of a translator dispatched by the Chinese government, and by observing the body language of the French cooks, Shan learned their secrets.

As he recalled, Shan studied with the French cooks in the kitchen 14 hours a day and spent his evenings back at his accommodation , behind a locked door, taking notes.

“At that time, we had to pass a political examination and sign confidentiality agreement before going abroad,” Shan says.

“According to the agreement, we were required to line up even when going into the street to the kitchen.” They seldom had spare time during the three months. “The roof top was the only our refuge when we were exhausted.”

It is unbelievable for young people now, Shan says.
During one of the most impressive events of their stay in France, the 13 Chinese apprentices were invited by then French President Francois Mitterrand to his reviewing stand for the country’s Bastille Day parade on July 14, 1983.

After Shan returned from France, Maxim’s Beijing opened.

Under the bilateral agreement with the restaurant, the Chinese hold a 51 percent share of the business and the French hold 49 percent.

“In the beginning of 1980s, Beijing did not have as many restaurants serving different kinds of food as we do now,” says He Guangyin, the manager of Maxim’s De Paris in Beijing, “Foreigners could not find home cooking.”

In those days, 70 to 80 percent of the customers were foreigners. Entertainers were also frequent guests.

The restaurant established a formal attire dress code for all customers. “If they forgot, we would rent potential customers the appropriate clothing,” says the manager.

“The average bill in our restaurant was around 200 yuan,” He says. “But the average monthly salary was about 40 yuan.”

This was quite expensive dining for ordinary Beijing residents.

Initially the French press criticized Cardin’s decision as “commercial suicide.” But Maxim’s survived in Beijing with the deepening implementation of China’s reforms and opening up policy.

Those policies also provided more opportunities for Chinese to experience foreign culture. And the Beijing Maxim’s has gradually become a top choice for a romantic meal.

Starting in the 1990s, China has been seeing inflation but the price of the dishes in Maxim’s has not climbed remarkably. The median priced dishes run around 400 yuan, which is far from the prices at newly emerging high-end restaurants around Beijing.

He Guangyin noticed that domestic food sources could not meet the needs of the menu at Maxim’s when it first opened, so they had to import from abroad.

Now however, Chinese suppliers are usually able to fulfill Maxim’s requirements. What they import from abroad are mostly authentic seasonings.

The manager says the Maxim’s Beijing has seen continuous sales growth in recent years but he refused to share concrete information.

The chief cook Shan Chunwei says the Chinese people had gradually get to know the culture and the eating habit of the western food. “In the past 30 years, they have learned to eat steaks cooked ‘medium rare, to deal with table settings that include knives and forks, the flavors of assorted dishes, and the service standards of foreign restaurants.

That informed the French restaurant not to change its strategy.

“Beijing is a cosmopolitan city, people from all over the world live here,” He says. “We could not change the dishes’ flavor to suit each customer. We chose to maintain the most traditional and authentic French cuisine in Beijing.”

Maxim’s trains cooks from the Great Hall of the People and even Zhongnanhai, China’s White House. And Maxim’s will serve the 2014 APEC summit in this autumn.

Despite their success, the French cuisine restaurant faces the predicament of a lack of young cooks. “Our monthly salary is only around 3,000 yuan now. People cannot afford the high expense of living in Beijing on that salary,” Shan says.

“The reason I still work here stems from the deep emotional ties I have to Maxim’s. I have been here through the triumphs and the problems since the restaurant opened. Young cooks won’t stay here for such insignificant pay,” Shan notes.

Shan is the oldest among the 30 cooks working at Maxim’s. The youngest is 21. They are all Chinese.

The veteran did not plan to work for any other restaurants in Beijing although they promised better pay.

“I have known each goblet and each fork here since it opened,” Shan says. “Together, Maxim’s and I have witnessed the growth of the appreciation of western food in China.”



Chinese cooks took a group photo with French cooks and waiters at Maxim’s Paris

headquarters in 1983.   Photo –  Maxim’s


Chinese celebrities like Jiang Wen (2nd from right), Zhang Yimou (3rd from left) and

Gong Li (2nd from left) used to be regular guests of Maxim’s in Beijing.   Photo –  Maxim’s






A future full of loopholes



At 2014 Black Hat Conference in Las Vegas, security experts show a 200 USD Dropcom

camera can be hacked to download its video clips.    Photo –


Even the USB devices can be hacked to compromise computer security.   Photo –


A car is equipped with smart control system.   Photo – Internet




A future full of loopholes ?


By Wang Chenxi and Quan Xiaoshu | CHINA FEATURES


People will one day connect with almost everything in their lives – the TV, the fridge, a mirror – all through the Internet.

This is known as the “Internet of things”, where the real and virtual worlds merge.

But IT security professionals fear Internet security issues will spread to every aspect of life.

Tan Xiaosheng, vice president and chief privacy officer of Qihoo 360 Technology, says this will be an age of loopholes.

At the recent 2014 Black Hat Conference in Las Vegas, Tan saw a demonstration where a team has hacked 22 devices in 45 minutes. We want an unhackable smart system, Tan says, but the flaws created in computer systems make every smart system a potential target.

“In future it is not about one device being hacked, it is about 10 being hacked. Not only your smart phone, but also your smartband, smartglasses and other wearable and domestic devices are vulnerable,” Tan told Xinhua.

He cites the example of smart TV, which is popular in China and has a camera. “Once a smart TV is hacked, the hackers will know whether TV users turn it on and off, what programs they choose to watch, or even see if anyone is home or not, with potentially dire consequences,” he explains.

Another possible target is the set top box with audio control system. If hacked, the microphone can be turned on, he adds.

With the rise of the Internet of vehicles, some cars have software for remote control, navigation and fault fixing. But Tan says that if any part, from vehicle control system to network communication link, or from remote server application interface to cloud background system, has security loopholes, the whole Internet of vehicles will be compromised, posing safety risks to drivers and passengers.

And that is just the tip of the iceberg.

In future, the Internet of things will create hazards in the microwave, fridge and water heater. “Every hacked device could become a spy or a killer,” Tan says. “Just imagine when you take shower that a hacker has breached your water heater to set the temperature at 90 degrees centigrade.”

In China, the Internet of things business is just beginning. Most business players concentrate on applications and device development, seldom on security issues.

“After those devices and systems go to the market, the cost of loophole fixing and upgrading will be enormous.” Tan says.

At the 2014 Black Hat Conference, smart devices such as a smart car panel and Nest Learning Thermostat were all hacked.

During the conference, Trusted Computing Group former president Jesus Molina showed how to control a hotel’s lighting system by hacking into its security protocols.

The security adviser once stayed at the St Regis Shenzhen, a five-star hotel where every room had an iPad for guests to control the room light. With time to kill, Molina found the iPad’s link to the lighting system through the hotel Internet service had no security configuration.

By editing the IP address, he controlled another room’s lights, and it would have been easy for him to control the lights in 200 rooms.

Molina changed rooms four times, and was tempted to hack the hotel’s lock system, but deemed it too risky. He contacted St Regis group who closed the loophole.

Last year millions of routers were hacked in China and tens of millions had security problems, says Tan.

“We sell security products, but what we really want is the safety of all devices,” Tan says. “The ultimate way to solve it is the entire business sector paying great attention to security issues, especially those smart device producers.”





 Let’s share Chinese version !!!




作者:  全晓书 孙浩 | 中国特稿社














据“安全牛”网的报道,在2014年美国“黑帽大会”上,从汽车的智能仪表盘到Nest智能恒温器,均被黑客攻破防线。前可信计算集团主席Jesus Molina则向听众们演示了如何利用一个不安全的协议控制酒店的灯光。

这位安全顾问在一次出差时入住了深圳瑞吉酒店。这家五星级酒店为每个房间提供iPad,客人可以用来控制房间的灯光。因为闲极无聊,Jesus Molina研究起了iPad,发现设备是通过酒店的互联网服务与灯具配件进行通讯的,通信命令没有任何安全方面的设置。于是,他简单修改了设备IP地址的最后一位,就可以控制另外一个设备;然后,他在iPad上写了一个脚本,就控制了200个房间灯光的开和关。


为了测试,Jesus Molina换了4次房间,为此还惊动了酒店经理。他甚至还想试试能否入侵门锁控制系统,但觉得有点害怕而放弃了。之后,他联系了瑞吉酒店的母公司,公司为这一系统漏洞加上了补丁。